The microbiomes of deep-sea hydrothermal vents: distributed globally, shaped locally
"The discovery of chemosynthetic ecosystems at deep-sea hydrothermal vents in 1977 changed our view of biology. Chemosynthetic bacteria and archaea form the foundation of vent ecosystems by exploiting the chemical disequilibrium between reducing hydrothermal fluids and oxidizing seawater, harnessing this energy to fix inorganic carbon into biomass. [...]"
Source: Nature Reviews Microbiology
Author: Gregory J. Dick