High Resolution Osmium Data Record Three Distinct Pulses of Magmatic Activity During Cretaceous Oceanic Anoxic Event 2 (OAE-2)
"Oceanic anoxic Event 2 (OAE-2) occurred at the Cenomanian-Turonian boundary (∼94.1 Ma) and was a time of profound global changes in ocean chemistry and the carbon cycle. This event was characterized by a positive carbon isotope excursion (CIE) caused by massive organic carbon burial, global greenhouse temperatures, ocean deoxygenation, and changes in ocean life driven by large igneous province (LIP) activity. LIPS throughout the Phanerozoic have had dynamic magma flux, with episodes of major eruptions interspersed with periods of relatively less intense eruptions. [...]"
Source: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Authors: Daniel L. Sullivan et al.