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Simulated Abrupt Shifts in Aerobic Habitats of Marine Species in the Past, Present, and Future

Abstract.

"The physiological tolerances of marine species toward ambient temperature and oxygen can jointly be evaluated in a single metric: the metabolic index. Changes therein characterize a changing aerobic habitat tailored to species-specific thermal and hypoxia sensitivity traits. If the geographical limits of marine species as indicated by critical thresholds of the metabolic index shift abruptly in response to ocean warming and deoxygenation, aerobic habitat could potentially be lost abruptly. [...]".

 

Source: Wiley Online Library
Authors: Friederike Fröb et al.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2023EF004141

Read the full article here.


The Ocean's Meridional Oxygen Transport

Abstract.

"Quantification of oxygen uptake at the ocean surface and its surface-to-interior pathways is crucial for understanding oxygen concentration change in a warming ocean. We investigate the mean meridional global oxygen transport between 1950 and 2009 using coupled physical-biogeochemical model output. We introduce a streamfunction in latitude-oxygen coordinates to reduce complexity in the description of the mean meridional oxygen pathways. [...]".

 

Source: Wiley Online Library
Authors: Esther Portela et al.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2023JC020259

Read the full article here.


A Reconstructing Model Based on Time–Space–Depth Partitioning for Global Ocean Dissolved Oxygen Concentration

Abstract.

"Dissolved oxygen (DO) is essential for assessing and monitoring the health of marine ecosystems. The phenomenon of ocean deoxygenation is widely recognized. Nevertheless, the limited availability of observations poses a challenge in achieving a comprehensive understanding of global ocean DO dynamics and trends. The study addresses the challenge of unevenly distributed Argo DO data by developing time–space–depth machine learning (TSD-ML), a novel machine learning-based model designed to enhance reconstruction accuracy in data-sparse regions. [...]".

 

Source: MDPI
Authors: Zhenguo Wang et al.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/rs16020228

Read the full article here.


Editorial: Constraining uncertainties in hindcasts and future projections of marine deoxygenation

Abstract.

"Ocean deoxygenation is a key stressor for marine ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles (Gruber, 2011; Breitburg et al., 2018). Climate projections based on Earth system models (ESMs) suggest that the global oxygen inventory will undergo a significant decline over the next century under persistent greenhouse gas emissions (Bopp et al., 2013; Kwiatkowski et al., 2020). Oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) located close to productive eastern boundary upwelling systems (EBUSs) and the Arabian Sea may expand or shift in spatial extent dramatically, thereby impacting regional marine habitats (Stramma et al., 2012) and ecosystem services (Lachkar et al., 2023). [...]".

 

Source: Frontiers in Marine Science
Authors: Masahito Shigemitsu et al.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2023.1355015

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Effect of an Open Central American Seaway on Ocean Circulation and the Oxygen Minimum Zone in the Tropical Pacific From Model Simulations

Abstract.

"The tectonic closure of the Central American Seaway (CAS) during the mid-Miocene to mid-Pliocene (∼16–3 Ma BP) is thought of as a key interval for the onset of the present-day tropical Pacific oxygen minimum zone (OMZ). In this study we investigate the impact of an open CAS on the ocean circulation and the OMZ in the tropical Pacific. We perform a series of sensitivity experiments with the Kiel Climate Model, where we vary the CAS sill depth from shallow to deep. [...]".

 

Source: Wiley Online Library
Authors: Vyacheslav Khon et al. 
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2023GL103728

Read the full article here.


Reconstruction of dissolved oxygen in the Indian Ocean from 1980 to 2019 based on machine learning techniques

Abstract.

"Oceanic dissolved oxygen (DO) decline in the Indian Ocean has profound implications for Earth’s climate and human habitation in Eurasia and Africa. Owing to sparse observations, there is little research on DO variations, regional comparisons, and its relationship with marine environmental changes in the entire Indian Ocean. In this study, we applied different machine learning algorithms to fit regression models between measured DO, ocean reanalysis physical variables, and spatiotemporal variables. [...]".

 

Source: Frontiers in Marine Science
Authors: Sheng Huang et al.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2023.1291232

Read the full article here.


Future change of summer hypoxia in coastal California Current

Abstract.

"The occurrences of summer hypoxia in coastal California Current can significantly affect the benthic and pelagic habitat and lead to complex ecosystem changes. Model-simulated hypoxia in this region is strongly spatially heterogeneous, and its future changes show uncertainties depending on the model used. Here, we used an ensemble of the new generation Earth system models to examine the present-day and future changes of summer hypoxia in this region. We applied model-specific thresholds combined with empirical bias adjustments of the dissolved oxygen variance to identify hypoxia. [...]".

 

Source: Frontiers in Marine Science 
Authors: Hui Shi et al.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2023.1205536

Read the full article here.


Decadal variability of oxygen uptake, export, and storage in the Labrador Sea from observations and CMIP6 models

Abstract.

"The uptake of dissolved oxygen from the atmosphere via air-sea gas exchange and its physical transport away from the region of uptake are crucial for supplying oxygen to the deep ocean. This process takes place in a few key regions that feature intense oxygen uptake, deep water formation, and physical oxygen export. In this study we analyze one such region, the Labrador Sea, utilizing the World Ocean Database (WOD) to construct a 65–year oxygen content time series in the Labrador Sea Water (LSW) layer (0–2200 m). [...]".

 

Source: Frontiers in Marine Science 
Authors: Jannes Koelling et al.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2023.1202299

Read the full article here.


Simulations of ocean deoxygenation in the historical era: insights from forced and coupled models

Abstract.

"Ocean deoxygenation due to anthropogenic warming represents a major threat to marine ecosystems and fisheries. Challenges remain in simulating the modern observed changes in the dissolved oxygen (O2). Here, we present an analysis of upper ocean (0-700m) deoxygenation in recent decades from a suite of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 6 (CMIP6) ocean biogeochemical simulations. The physics and biogeochemical simulations include both ocean-only (the Ocean Model Intercomparison Project Phase 1 and 2, OMIP1 and OMIP2) and coupled Earth system (CMIP6 Historical) configurations. [...]".

 

Source: Frontiers in Marine Science 
Authors: Yohei Takano et al.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2023.1139917

Read the full article here.


Preprint: Ocean models as shallow sea oxygen deficiency assessment tools: from research to practical application

Abstract.

"Oxygen is a key indicator of ecosystem health and part of environmental assessments used as a tool to achieve a healthy ocean. Oxygen assessments are mostly based on monitoring data that are spatially and temporally limited, although monitoring efforts have increased. This leads to an incomplete understanding of the current state and ongoing trends of the oxygen situation in the oceans. Ocean models can be used to overcome spatial and temporal limitations and provide high-resolution 3D oxygen data but are rarely used for policy-relevant assessments. [...]".

 

Source: Biogeosciences
Authors: Sarah Piehl et al.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2023-152

Read the full article here.


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