Photosensitized formation of sulfate and volatile sulfur gases from dissolved organic sulfur: Roles of pH, dissolved oxygen, and salinity
"The photodegradation of dissolved organic sulfur (DOS) is a potential source of aqueous sulfate and its chemical precursors in surface water. However, the photochemical fate of DOS and factors that control its fate still remain unclear. Herein, we employed a DOS model featuring a photosensitizer (humic acids, HA) to investigate the photochemical degradation pathways of DOS in various natural water sources, from which we observed the substantial photosensitized formation of sulfate, methanesulfonic acid (MSA), carbonyl [...]"
Source: Science Direct
Authors: Jian-Long Li et al.
Zooplankton grazing of microplastic can accelerate global loss of ocean oxygen
"Global warming has driven a loss of dissolved oxygen in the ocean in recent decades. We demonstrate the potential for an additional anthropogenic driver of deoxygenation, in which zooplankton consumption of microplastic reduces the grazing on primary producers. In regions where primary production is not limited by macronutrient availability, the reduction of grazing pressure on primary producers causes export production to increase. Consequently, organic particle remineralisation in[...]"
Source: Nature Communications
Authors: K. Kvale et al.
Gulf of Mexico blue hole harbors high levels of novel microbial lineages
"Exploration of oxygen-depleted marine environments has consistently revealed novel microbial taxa and metabolic capabilities that expand our understanding of microbial evolution and ecology. Marine blue holes are shallow karst formations characterized by low oxygen and high organic matter content. They are logistically challenging to sample, and thus our understanding of their biogeochemistry and microbial ecology is limited. We present a metagenomic and geochemical characterization of Amberjack Hole on the Florida continental shelf (Gulf of Mexico). Dissolved oxygen became depleted at the hole’s rim[...]"
Source: The ISME Journal
Authors: N. V. Patin et al.
Oceanographic processes control dissolved oxygen variability at a commercial Atlantic salmon farm: Application of a real-time sensor network
"Open ocean fish farming involves containment of cultured animals under environmental conditions influenced by seasonal variation and water quality. Recently, an important area of research focus has been on water quality monitoring to improve aquaculture management. The development of novel sensors that report in real-time is critical to improve the monitoring capacity of farms, while increasing the understanding of the dynamics of environmental variables. In this study, commercially available, real-time dissolved oxygen and temperature sensors were distributed in the center of 19 cages at a commercial[...]"
Source: Science Direct
Authors: Meredith Burke et al.
Phytoplankton, dissolved oxygen and nutrient patterns along a eutrophic river-estuary continuum: Observation and modeling
"Transport and fate of phytoplankton blooms and excessive nutrients along salinity and turbidity gradients of a river-estuary continuum could determine when and where impaired water quality occurs. However, the general spatiotemporal patterns, underlying mechanisms and their implication for water quality management are not well understood. This study reveals typical seasonal variations and longitudinal patterns of phytoplankton, dissolved oxygen (DO) and nutrients (C, N, and P) in the lower St. Johns River estuary in Florida based on 23 years of data and a model which spans 3 years. Evident declines in freshwater phytoplankton and DO concentrations were observed in the freshwater-saltwater transition zone[...]"
Source: Science Direct
Authors: Junna Wang et al.
Imprint of Trace Dissolved Oxygen on Prokaryoplankton Community Structure in an Oxygen Minimum Zone
"The Eastern Tropical North Pacific (ETNP) is a large, persistent, and intensifying oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) that accounts for almost half of the total area of global OMZs. Within the OMZ core (∼350–700 m depth), dissolved oxygen is typically near or below the analytical detection limit of modern sensors (∼10 nM). Steep oxygen gradients above and below the OMZ core lead to vertical structuring of microbial communities that also vary between particle-associated (PA) and free-living (FL) size fractions. Here, we use 16S amplicon sequencing (iTags) to analyze the[...]"
Source: Frotiers in the Marine Science
Authors: Luis Medina Faull et al.
Enhanced Organic Carbon Burial in Sediments of Oxygen Minimum Zones Upon Ocean Deoxygenation
"Oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) in the ocean are expanding. This expansion is attributed to global warming and may continue over the next 10 to 100 kyrs due to multiple climate CO2-driven factors. The expansion of oxygen-deficient waters has the potential to enhance organic carbon burial in marine sediments, thereby providing a negative feedback on global warming. Here, we study the response of dissolved oxygen in the ocean to increased phosphorus and iron inputs due to CO2-driven enhanced weathering and increased dust emissions, respectively. We use an ocean biogeochemical model[...]"
Source: frontiers in the Marine Science
Authors: Itzel Ruvalcaba Baroni et al.
Benthic fluxes of oxygen and heat from a seasonally hypoxic region of Saanich Inlet fjord observed by eddy covariance
"Benthic habitats within fjords are predominantly insulated from the high energy physical dynamics of open coastlines. As a result, fjords may have atypical mass and heat transfer rates at the seafloor. This study presents aquatic eddy covariance (EC) measurements made continuously from late May 2013 through December 2013, in Saanich Inlet fjord, British Columbia, to assess areal-averaged benthic fluxes of dissolved oxygen and heat, and their relationships to bottom boundary layer dynamics and water properties. The measurements were achieved by the connection of a system of underwater EC sensors to Ocean Network Canada's Victoria Experimental Network Under the Sea (VENUS) observatory that has a primary seafloor node[...]"
Source: Science Direct
Authors: Clare E. Reimers et al.
Recovery from multi-millennial natural costal hypoxia in the Stockholm Archipelago, Baltic Sea, terminated by modern human activity
"Enhanced nutrient input and warming have led to the development of low oxygen (hypoxia) in coastal waters globally. For many coastal areas, insight into redox conditions prior to human impact is lacking. Here, we reconstructed bottom water redox conditions and sea surface temperatures (SSTs) for the coastal Stockholm Archipelago over the past 3000 yr. Elevated sedimentary concentrations of molybdenum indicate (seasonal) hypoxia between 1000 b.c.e. and 1500 c.e. Biomarker[...]"
Source: Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography
Authors: Niels A. G. M. van Helmond et al.
Impacts of climate change on dissolved oxygen concentration relevant to the costal and marine environment around the UK
"The decline in dissolved oxygen and onset of oxygen deficiency and hypoxia are naturally occurring phenomenon in aquatic environments, typically occurring on seasonal timescales. Over decadal timescales, there has been a measurable decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations in the global ocean due to warming caused by anthropogenic activity. Approximately 15% of the global decline in oxygen has been attributed to reduced solubility in response to ocean warming, with the remaining 85% due to intensified stratification. The relative contribution of these factors in coastal and shelf-sea waters is currently unknown. In UK waters, sustained observations in the North[...]"
Source: MCCIP Science Review
Authors: Mahaffey, C et al.