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Marine redox fluctuation as a potential trigger for the Cambrian explosion

Abstract.

The diversification of metazoans during the latest Neoproterozoic and early Cambrian has been attributed to, among other factors, a progressive rise in surface oxygen levels. However, recent results have also questioned the idea of a prominent rise in atmospheric oxygen levels or a major or unidirectional shift in the marine redox landscape across this interval. Here, we present new carbonate-associated uranium isotope data from upper Ediacaran to lower Cambrian marine carbonate successions. [...]"

Source: Geology
Authors: Guang-Yi Wei et al.
DOI: 10.1130/G40150.1

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Heterogenous oceanic redox conditions through the Ediacaran-Cambrian boundary limited the metazoan zonation

Abstract.

"Recent studies have enhanced our understanding of the linkage of oxygenation and metazoan evolution in Early Cambrian time. However, little of this work has addressed the apparent lag of animal diversification and atmospheric oxygenation during this critical period of Earth history. This study utilizes the geochemical proxy and N isotope record of the Ediacaran–Cambrian boundary preserved in intra-shelf basin, slope, and slope basin deposits of the Yangtze Sea to assess the ocean redox state during the Early Cambrian metazoan radiation. [...]"

Source: Scientific Reports
Authors: Junpeng Zhang, Tailiang Fan, Yuandong Zhang, Gary G. Lash, Yifan Li & Yue Wu
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-07904-3

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